(c-cedilla) is a Latin script letter, used in the Albanian, Azerbaijani, Ligurian, Tatar, Turkish, Turkmen, Kurdish and Zazaki alphabets. This letter also appears in Catalan, French, Friulian, Occitan and Portuguese as a variant of the letter "c
". It is also occasionally used in Crimean Tatar, and Manx.
It was first used for the sound of the voiceless alveolar affricate /ts
/ in old Spanish and stems from the Visigothic form of the letter "z
". This phoneme originated in Vulgar Latin from the palatalization of the plosives /t/ and /k/ in some conditions.
/ changed into /s
/ in many Romance languages and dialects. Spanish has not used this symbol since an orthographic reform in the 18th century (which replaced "ç
" with the now-devoiced "z
"), but it was adopted for writing other languages.
In the International Phonetic Alphabet, "ç
" represents the voiceless palatal fricative.